sábado, 11 de octubre de 2008

PRINCIPALES PLANTAS MEDICINALES DE MEXICO QUE SE COMERCIALIZAN EN EUA Y CANADA*

Biol. M.C. Miguel Angel Gutiérrez Domínguez**
Biol. M.C. Yolanda Betancourt Aguilar**
Melvin G. Boyd***

**Fundadores del Congreso Nacional de Plantas Medicinales de México. Directivos del Jardín Botánico Universitario-Universidad Autónoma de Tlaxcala (México). Coordinadores del Proyecto Mercados
Verdes Herbolarios-FANCA-Ecología y Desarrollo de Tlaxcala y Puebla A.C.
***Mel Boyd & Associates
E-mail: plantlax@hotmail.com
Copyright 1999. Herbs of Commerce

A

Acacia angustissima (Miller) Kuntze Fabaceae
Standard common name: timbre
Botanical synonym (s): Acacia filiciana Willd.
Other common name (s): cáscara de timbre, guajillo, guaje brujo

Agastache mexicana (Kunth) Lint & Epling Lamiaceae
Standard common name: toronjil morado, toronjil blanco
Botanical synonym (s): Cedronella mexicana (Kunth) Briq
Other common name (s): toronjil rojo

Alnus jorullensis Kunth ssp. Jorullensis Betulaceae
Standard common name: aliso
Other common name (s): ailite, ilite

Alternatnthera repens (l.) Kuntze Amaranthaceae
Standard common name: tianguis
Other common name (s): verdolaga cimarrona, verdolaga de puerco

Amaranthus hybridus L. Amaranthaceae
Standard common name: quelite, bledo
Other common name (s): quelite blanco, quintonil

Ambrosia psilostachya DC. Asteraceae
Standard common name: cotafiata, estafiate
Other common name (s): hierba del caballo, jaucaja

Amphypteryngium adstringens Schiede ex Schlech Julianaceae
Standard common name: cuachalalate
Botanical synonym (s): Juliana adstringens Schlechter
Other common name (s): cuachalalá, volador

Anoda cristata (L.) Schlechtendal Malvaceae
Standard common name: violeta
Botanical synonym (s): Sida cristata L.
Other common name (s): genciana, malva, malvón de quesitos, violeta de campo

Annona cherimola Miller Annonaceae
Standard common name: chirimoya
Other common name (s): anono, palo de chirimoya, zapote corona

Annona glabra L. Annonaceae
Standard common name: anona silvestre, corcho
Other common name (s): palo de corcho

Annona reticulata L. Annonaceae
Standard common name: anona
Other common name (s): anona blanca, anona colorada

Annona squamosa L. Annonaceae
Standard common name: anona
Other common name (s): saramullo

Arceuthobium globosum Hawksw. & Wiens Loranthaceae
Standard common name: injerto de ocote
Other common name (s): muérdago

Arceuthobium vaginatum (Willd.) Presl. Loranthaceae
Standard common name: injerto
Other common name (s): injerto de ocote, muérdago

Arctostaphylos pungens Kunth Ericaceae
Standard common name: pingüica
Other common name (s): madroño, manzanita

Argemone ochroleuca Sweet. Papaveraceae
Standard common name: chicalote
Other common name (s): chicalote amarillo

Argemone platyceras Link Papaveraceae
Standard common name: chicalote
Other common name (s): chicalote blanco, chicalote amarillo


Aristolochia argentea Willd. Aristolochiaceae
Standard common name: tlacopatli
Other common name (s): itamorreal corriente, valeriana, yerba de la ventosidad

Aristolochia foetida Kunth Aristolochiaceae
Standard common name: hierba del indio
Other common name (s):

Aristolochia pentandra Jacq. Aristolochiaceae
Standard common name: camotillo, guaco
Other common name (s): camotillo pop, gallito morado

Aristolochia pringlei Aristolochiaceae
Standard common name:
Other common name (s):

Arracacia atropurpurea L. Umbelliferae
Standard common name: comino de monte
Other common name (s):

Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. ssp. mexicana (Willd.) Keck Asteraceae
Standard common name: estafiate
Botanical synonym (s): Artemisia mexicana Willd.
Other common name (s): ajenjo del país, altamiza, artemisia, hierba maestra, istafiate

Asclepias linaria Cav. Asclepiadaceae
Standard common name: romerillo
Other common name (s): algodoncillo, chiche de burra, cola de gato, plumilla, solimán

B

Baccharis conferta Kunth Asteraceae
Standard common name: escoba
Other common name (s): escobilla, escoba ancha, hierba del carbonero

Baccharis salicifolia (Ruíz & Pavón) Pers. Asteraceae
Standard common name: azumiate
Other common name (s): chamiso, jara amarilla, jaral, jarilla

Bahuinia divaricata L. Fabaceae
Standard common name: pata de vaca
Other common name (s): pata de cabra

Barkleyanthus salicifolius (Kunth) Rob. & Brett. Asteraceae
Standard common name: jarilla
Botanical synonym (s): Senecio salignus DC.
Other common name (s): azomiate, azumiate, jarilla amarilla
Bidens odorata Cav. Asteraceae
Standard common name: aceitilla
Other common name (s): acahual blanco, mozoquelite

Bidens pilosa L. Asteracea
Standard common name: mozoquelite
Other common name (s): acahual blanco, mozoquelite, rosilla, té de milpa

Bocconia arborea S. Watson Papaveraceae
Standard common name: llorasangre, palo amarillo
Other common name (s): palo llora sangre

Bougainvillea glabra Choisy Nyctaginacea
Standard common name: bugambilia
Other common name (s): bugambilia anaranjada, bugambilia morada

Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd. Nyctaginacea
Standard common name: bugambilia
Other common name (s): camelina

Bouvardia ternifolia (Cav.) Schlechter Rubiaceae
Standard common name: trompetilla
Other common name (s):

Brickellia cavanillesii DC. Asteracea
Standard common name: prodigiosa
Other common name (s): gobernadora de Puebla

Brickellia squarrosa (Cav.) B. L. Robinson Asteracea
Standard common name: prodigiosa
Other common name (s):

Brickellia veronicaefolia (Kunth) Gray Nyctaginacea
Standard common name: peisto, peiston
Other common name (s): pechto, sañate

Brossimum alicatrum Swartz Moracea
Standard common name: ojite
Other common name (s): capomo, ramón, samaritano

Brugmansia sanguinea (Ruíz & Pavón) D. Don Solanaceae
Standard common name: florifundio, floripondio
Other common name (s):

Brugmansia x candida Pers. Solanaceae
Standard common name: floripondio, florifundio
Other common name (s): campana, flor de campana, florifundio blanco
Buddleia americana L. Loganiaceae
Standard common name: tepozán
Other common name (s): topozán, zompantle, hierba del mosco

Buddleia cordata Kunth Loganiaceae
Standard common name: tepozán
Other common name (s): topozán, zompantle

Buddleia perfoliata Kunth Loganiaceae
Standard common name: salvia de bolita
Other common name (s): salvia del campo, salvia real

Buddleia sessiliflora Kunth Loganiaceae
Standard common name: lengua de vaca
Other common name (s): tepozán

Bursera copalifera (Sessé & Moc.) Bullock Burseraceae
Standard common name: copal
Other common name (s):

Bursera microphylla A. Gray Burseraceae
Standard common name: torote
Other common name (s): torote blanco, torote colorado, copal

Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg. Burseraceae
Standard common name: palo mulato
Other common name (s): copal, cuajiote, mulato, papelillo

C

Cacalia decomposita A. Gray Asteraceae
Standard common name: matarique
Other common name (s): flor de gusano

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Swartz Fabaceae
Standard common name: tabachín
Botanical synonym (s): Ponciana pulcherrima (L.) Standley & Steyerm
Other common name (s): flor de gusano

Calea ternifolia Kunth var. ternifolia Asteraceae
Standard common name: zacatechichi
Botanical synonym (s): Calea zacatechichi Schlechtendal
Other common name (s): hierba amarga, jaral, mala hierba

Calliandra anomala (Kunth) MacBride Leguminosae
Standard common name: cabello de angel
Other common name (s): tabardillo, timbre
Calliandra grandiflora Benth. Leguminosae
Standard common name: cabello de angel, pelo de angel
Other common name (s):

Casimiroa edulis Llave & Lex. Rutaceae
Standard common name: zapote blanco
Botanical synonym (s): Zanthoxylum bombacifolium A. Rich.
Other common name (s): hojas de zapote, matasano, zapote dormilón

Castilleja tenuiflora Benth. Scrophulariaceae
Standard common name: garañona, cola de borrego
Other common name (s): castilleja, hierba del cáncer, hierba del golpe

Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol. Cecropiaceae
Standard common name: guarumbo
Other common name (s): chancarro, hormiguillo, trompetillo

Cedrela odorata L. Meliaceae
Standard common name: cedro
Botanical synonym (s): Cedrela mexicana Roemer
Other common name (s):

Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaerth Bombacaceae
Standard common name: ceiba
Other common name (s): ceibo, pochote

Cestrum nocturnum L. Solanaceae
Standard common name: huele de noche
Other common name (s): hedeondilla, palo huele de noche

Chiranthodendron pentadactylon Lam. Stercukiaceae
Standard common name: flor de manita
Other common name (s): manita, manita de león

Cirsium mexicanum DC. Asteraceae
Standard common name: cardo santo
Other common name (s):

Cissus sicyoides L. Vitaceae
Standard common name: sanalotodo, tripa de judas
Other common name (s): alquilón, bejuco de sanalotodo, cola del diablo, jiote, uva silvestre

Clematis drummondii Kunth. Ranunculaceae
Standard common name: barba de chivo
Other common name (s): barba de viejo

Cnidoscolus chayamansa McVaughh Euphorbiaceae
Standard common name: chaya
Other common name (s): chaya mansa

Commelina coelestis Willd. Commelinaceae
Standard common name: hierba del pollo
Other common name (s): pata de pollo, tripa de pollito

Conyza filaginoides (DC.) Hieron Asteraceae
Standard common name: simonillo
Other common name (s): gordolobo, rosilla, simonio

Cordia dodecandra A. DC. Boraginaceae
Standard common name: siricote
Botanical synonym (s): Cordia angiocarpa A. Rich.
Other common name (s): trompillo

Cordia sebestena L. Boraginaceae
Standard common name: siricote, anacahuite
Other common name (s): siricote blanco

Cosmos bipinnatus Cav. Asteraceae
Standard common name: mirasol
Other common name (s): amapola de campo, girasol morado

Costus mexicanus Liebm. Zingiberaceae
Standard common name: caña de jabalí
Other common name (s):

Crataegus pubescens (Kunth) Steudel Rosaceae
Standard common name: tejocote
Botanical synonym (s): Crataegus mexicana Moc. & Sesse
Other common name (s): texocotl, manzanilla, manzanita, tejocote cimarrón

Crescentia alata Kunth Bignonaceae
Standard common name: cirián, cuatecomate
Other common name (s): comate, cuastecomate, guaje cirián, jícara, zacatecomate

Crescentia cujete L. Bignonaceae
Standard common name: guiro
Other common name (s): cirián, cuatecomate, jícara

Croton dioicus Cav. Euphorbiaceae
Standard common name: encinilla
Other common name (s): suapatle, zorrillo tlate


Croton draco Schlechtendal Euphorbiaceae
Standard common name: sangregrado
Other common name (s): angregado, grado, palo muela, piñón, sangre de draco

Cucurbita ficifolia Bouché Cucurbitaceae
Standard common name: calabacilla
Other common name (s):

Cucurbita foetidissima Kunth Cucurbitaceae
Standard common name: calabacilla
Other common name (s): calabacilla hedionda

Cucurbita maxima Lam. Cucurbitaceae
Standard common name: calabaza
Other common name (s): melón

Cunila lythrifolia Benth. Lamiaceae
Standard common name: poleo, poleo de monte
Other common name (s):

Cuphea aequipetala Cav. Lythraceae
Standard common name: hierba del cáncer
Other common name (s): cachancillo, mirto morado

Cupressus lusitanica Miller Cupressaceae
Standard common name: cedro blanco
Botanical synonym (s): Cupressus benthamii Endl var. lindleyi (Klotzch) Mast
Other common name (s): cedro, ocote

Cuscuta jalapensis Schlechtendal Cuscutaceae
Standard common name: loganisilla, sacapale
Other common name (s): fideo

Cyperus esculentus L. Cyperaceae
Standard common name: cebollín
Other common name (s): coquito

D

Dahlia coccinea Cav. Asteraceae
Standard common name: dalia
Other common name (s): caharauesca

Dalea bicolor Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. Fabaceae
Standard common name: cabeza de ratón
Other common name (s): engorda cabra, escoba de chivo, mezquitillo

Datura inoxia Miller Solanaceae
Standard common name: toloache
Botanical synonym (s): Datura meteloides Dunal
Other common name (s): chamico, floripondio, hierba jedionda

Delonix regia (Bojer) Raf. Fabaceae
Standard common name: flamboyán, tabachín
Botanical synonym (s): Datura meteloides Dunal
Other common name (s): framboyán

Diospyros digyna Jacq. Ebenaceae
Standard common name: zapote negro, zapote prieto
Botanical synonym (s): Sapota nigra Blanco
Other common name (s):

Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq. Sapindaceae
Standard common name: ocotillo
Other common name (s): farolitos

E

Echeveria gibbiflora DC. Crassulaceae
Standard common name: oreja de burro
Other common name (s): lengua de vaca

Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb Fabaceae
Standard common name: guanacastle, parota
Other common name (s): necastle, orejón

Equisetum laevigatum A. Br. Equisetaceae
Standard common name: cola de caballo, carricillo
Other common name (s):

Equisetum myriochaetum Schlechtendal & Cham. Equisetaceae
Standard common name: cola de caballo
Other common name (s):

Erodium cicutarium L’Herit. Geraniaceae
Standard common name: alfilerillo
Other common name (s): agujitas, arete

Eryngium carlinae Delaroche Apiaceae
Standard common name: hierba del sapo
Other common name (s): cabezona, espinosa, estrellita, perejil de monte



Eryngium heterophylum Engel. Apiaceae
Standard common name: hierba del sapo
Other common name (s):

Erythrina americana Miller Fabaceae
Standard common name: colorín
Other common name (s): piñón espinoso

Erythrina coralloides DC. Fabaceae
Standard common name: colorín
Other common name (s):

Erythroxylon mexicanum Kunth Erythroxylaceae
Standard common name: acotillo
Other common name (s): ocotillo

Euphorbia prostrata Alton Euphorbiaceae
Standard common name: hierba de la golondrina
Other common name (s): golondrina, hierba del soldado

Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. Euphorbiaceae
Standard common name: nochebuena
Other common name (s): flor de nochebuena, flor de pascua

Eysenhardtia polystachya (Ort.) Sarg. Leguminosae
Standard common name: palo dulce
Other common name (s): palo azul, taray

F

Ficus glabrata Kunth. Moraceae
Standard common name: amate
Other common name (s):

Fraxinus uhdei (Wenz.) Lingelsh Oleaceae
Standard common name: fresno
Other common name (s): paramo

G

Galium mexicanum Rubiaceae
Standard common name:
Other common name (s):

Gaultheria odorata L. Ericaceae
Standard common name: arrayán
Other common name (s):

Geranium mexicanum Kunth Gerianiaceae
Standard common name: geranio
Other common name (s): pata de león

Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steudel Leguminosae
Standard common name: cacahuananche
Other common name (s): cocoite, madre cacao, matarratón

Gnaphalium attenuatum DC. Asteraceae
Standard common name: gordolobo
Other common name (s):

Gnaphalium conoideum Kunth Asteraceae
Standard common name: gordolobo
Other common name (s):

Gnaphalium semiamplexicaule DC. Asteraceae
Standard common name: gordolobo
Other common name (s):

Guaiacum coulteri A. Gray Zygophyllaceae
Standard common name: guayacán
Other common name (s):

Guaiacum sanctumi L. Zygophyllaceae
Standard common name: guayacán
Other common name (s): guácima, guázuma

Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. Sterculiaceae
Standard common name: guazima
Other common name (s): caulote, cuahilote, palote negro

H

Haemathoxylon brasiletto Karst. Leguminosae
Standard common name: palo de brasil
Other common name (s): azulillo, palo tinto

Haplopappus venetus Kenth Asteraceae
Standard common name: escobilla
Other common name (s): bazín de perro, popote

Hedeoma piperita Benth. Lamiaceae
Standard common name: tabaquillo
Other common name (s): hierba de Santo Domingo

Helenium mexicanum Kunth Asteraceae
Standard common name: cabezona
Other common name (s): chapuz, sacapedo

Helianthemum glomeratum Lag. Cistaceae
Standard common name: cenicilla, hierba de la gallina
Other common name (s): cenicillo, cilantrillo de monte, hierba ceniza, Juanita

Heliotropium procumbens Miller Boraginaceae
Botanical synonym (s): Heliotropium rigigulum DC.
Standard common name: rama de ardilla
Other common name (s):

Hippocratea excelsa Kunth Hippocrateaceae
Standard common name: cancerina
Other common name (s): medicina para los piojos

Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit Lamiaceae
Standard common name: chan, chía
Other common name (s): chía cimarrona, salvia cimarrona

I

Impatiens balsamina L. Balsaminaceae
Standard common name: alegria, belen
Other common name (s): gachupina blanca, espiritu

Inga jinicuil Schlechtendal Leguminosae
Standard common name: chalahuite
Other common name (s): palo nazareno

Ipomoea arborescens (Humb. & Bonpl.) G. Don Convolvulaceae
Standard common name: palo blanco
Other common name (s): cazahuate blanco, palo bobo

Ipomoea murucoides Roemer & Schultes Convolvulaceae
Standard common name: cazahuate
Other common name (s): cazahuate blanco, cazahuate manso, ozote, palo bobo

Ipomoea stans Cav. Convolvulaceae
Standard common name: tumbavaqueros, galuza
Other common name (s):

Iresine calea (Ibañez) Standley Amaranthaceae
Standard common name: clacancuayo, tlatlancuayo
Other common name (s): pelusa, hierba de la rodilla, hierba de orín, tlancuaya

J

Jacaratia mexicana A. DC. Caricaceae
Standard common name: bonete
Botanical synonym (s): Leucopremna mexicana Stanldey
Other common name (s): jacoretia

Jatropha curcas L. Euphorbiacea
Standard common name: piñón
Other common name (s): piñoncillo

Jatropha dioica Cerv. Euphorbiacea
Standard common name: sangre de drago, sangregado
Botanical synonym (s): Jatropha spathulata (Ortgega) Muell. Arg.
Other common name (s): sangregrada

Juglans major (Torrey) Holler Juglandaceae
Standard common name: nogal
Other common name (s): nogal silvestre

Juniperus deppeana Steudel var. deppeana Cupressaceae
Standard common name: sabino
Botanical synonym (s) Juniperus mexicana Schlechtendal & Cham.
Other common name (s):

Justicia spicigera Schlechtendal Acanthaceae
Standard common name: muicle
Botanical synonym (s): Jacobinia spicigera (Schlec.) L. H. Bailey
Other common name (s): añil de piedra, mohuite, muitle

K

Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers. Crassulaceae
Standard common name: siempreviva, tronador
Other common name (s): admirable, belladona

Karwinskia humboldtiana (Roemer & Schultes) Zucc. Rhamnaceae
Standard common name: tullidora
Other common name (s): capulincillo, guayabillo, palo de frutillo

Krameria secundiflora DC. Krameriaceae
Standard common name: clameria, krameria
Other common name (s): raíz brojo, raíz de ciruelilla, ratania

L


Lantana camara L. Verbenaceae
Standard common name: cinco negritos
Other common name (s): alfombrilla hedionda, confitura, ororuz, pionía, siete negritos

Leonotis nepetaefolia (L.) R. Br. Lamiaceae
Standard common name: bola de rey
Other common name (s): flor de mundo

Lepechinia caulescens (Ort.) Epling Lamiaceae
Standard common name: bretónica
Other common name (s): bretónica blanca, salvia

Lepidium virginicum L. Brassicaceae
Standard common name: lentejilla
Other common name (s): ajonjolillo, hierba del pajarito, pepita

Leucaena esculenta (Moc. & Sessé) Benth. Fabaceae
Standard common name: guaje
Other common name (s): guaje colorado

Licania arborea Seem. Rosaceae
Standard common name: cacahuananche
Other common name (s): cacahuate de jabón, palo de frailecillo

Lippia alba (Miller) N.E. Br. Verbenaceae
Standard common name: salve real
Botanical synonym (s): Lippia germinata Kunth.
Other common name (s): mirto, pitiona, salvia de Castilla

Lippia dulcis Trev. Verbenaceae
Standard common name: hierba dulce
Other common name (s): orégano grueso, orozus

Liquidambar macrophylla Oersted Hamamelidaceae
Standard common name: liquidambar
Other common name (s): ocotzol

Litsea glaucescens Kunth Lauraceae
Standard common name: laurel
Other common name (s):

Lobelia laxiflora Kunth Campanulaceae
Standard common name: chilpanxochitl
Other common name (s): aretitos, campanitas



Loeselia mexicana (Lam.) Brandegee Polemoniaceae
Standard common name: espinosilla, hierba de la virgen
Other common name (s): chuparrosa, gallina ciega, huachichile

Lopezia racemosa Cav. Onagraceae
Standard common name: perilla
Other common name (s): alfilerillo, hierba del cáncer, hormiguillo

Lophophora williamsii (Lem.) Coulter Cactaceae
Standard common name: peyote
Other common name (s):

Lysiloma acapulcensis (Kunth) Benth Leguminosae
Standard common name: tepehuaje
Other common name (s):

M

Magnolia grandiflora L. Magnoliaceae
Standard common name: magnolia
Other common name (s): flor del corazón

Malpighia mexicana Juss. Malpighiaceae
Standard common name: ajuaxocotl
Other common name (s): palo de nanche

Malva parviflora L. Malvaceae
Standard common name: malva
Other common name (s): malva de quesitos

Malva rotundifolia L. Malvaceae
Standard common name: malva
Other common name (s): malvón

Manilkara zapota (L.) Van Royen Sapotaceae
Standard common name: chicozapote
Other common name (s): zapote, zapote chico

Mentha rotundifolia (L.) Hudson Lamiaceae
Standard common name: mostranzo
Other common name (s): mastranzo

Mentzelia hispida Willd. Loasaceae
Standard common name: pegarropa
Other common name (s): pegajosa


Milla biflora Cav. Liliaceae
Standard common name:
Other common name (s):

Milleria quinqueflora L. Asteraceae
Standard common name: cocolmeca
Other common name (s):

Mikania houstoniana (L.) Robinson Asteraceae
Standard common name: guaco
Other common name (s):

Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poiret Fabaceae
Standard common name: tepezcohuite
Other common name (s):

Momordica charantia L. Cucurbitaceae
Standard common name: cundeamor
Other common name (s): bálsamo, chorizo, cochinito, manzanina

Montanoa tomentosa Cerv. Asteraceae
Standard common name: zoapacle, zoapatle
ther common name (s): gordolobo del terreno, hierba del to

N

Nasturtium officinale R. Br. Cruciferae
Standard common name: berro, berro redondo
Other common name (s):

Nicotiana glauca Graham Solanaceae
Standard common name: tabaquillo, tabaco cimarrón
Other common name (s): buena moza, Don Juan, guayacán, mostaza

O

Oenothera pubescens Ness. Onagraceae
Standard common name: hierba del golpe
Other common name (s): ambar, linda tarde, quiebra plato, sinvergüenza, clasale

Oenothera rosea L´Herit. Ex Aiton Onagraceae
Standard common name: hierba del golpe
Other common name (s): amapola de campo, árnica, manuelita, tapacola

P


Pachycereus pecten-aboriginum (Engel.) Britton & Rose Cactaceae
Standard common name: cardón
Other common name (s):

Parietaria pensylvanica Muhl. Urticaceae
Standard common name: bebenilla, paletaria
Other common name (s): epaletaria, hierba del trueno

Parmentiera oculeata DC. Bignoniaceae
Standard common name: cuajilote
Other common name (s): chayote, cuajiote, huajilote, pepino de monte, platanillo

Passiflora coriacea Juss. Passifloraceae
Standard common name:
Other common name (s):

Passiflora foetida L. Passifloraceae
Standard common name: amapola
Other common name (s):

Phoradendron velutinum (DC.) Nutt. Loranthaceae
Standard common name: injerto
Other common name (s): muérdago, palmita

Phoradendron villosum Nutt. Loranthaceae
Standard common name: injerto
Other common name (s): muérdago

Physalis phyladelphica Lam. Solanaceae
Standard common name: tomatillo
Botanical synonym (s): Physalis chenopodifolia Willd.
Other common name (s): tomate, tomate de hija, miltomate

Phytolacca icosandra L. Phytolaccaceae
Standard common name: gongora, mazorquilla
Botanical synonym (s): Phytolacca octandra L.
Other common name (s): fitolaca, reventón, miamole, amole

Pinus ayacahuite Ehr. Pinaceae
Standard common name: pino chinonque
Other common name (s):

Pinus montezumae Lam. Pinaceae
Standard common name: ocote
Other common name (s):


Pinus patula Schlechtendal & Cham. Pinaceae
Standard common name:
Other common name (s):

Piper sanctum (Miq.) Schlechtendal Piperaceae
Standard common name: hierba santa
Other common name (s): hoja santa, hoja de anís

Piqueria trinervia Cav. Asteraceae
Standard common name: hierba de San Nicolás
Other common name (s): tabardillo

Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Fabaceae
Standard common name: guamuchil
Other common name (s): guamuchilillo

Platanus mexicana Moric. Platanaceae
Standard common name: alamo
Other common name (s):

Plumbago pulchella Boiss Plumbaginaceae
Standard common name: pañate
Other common name (s): plumbago

Plumbago scandens L. Plumbaginaceae
Standard common name: plumbago
Other common name (s): hierba del alacrán, pañete

Plumeria acutifolia Poiret Apocynaceae
Standard common name: cacalosuchil, cacaloxochitl
Other common name (s): candelerillo, flor de mayo, palo de cacaloxochil

Populus fremontii S. Watson var. fremontii Salicaceae
Standard common name: alamo
Other common name (s):

Porophyllum punctatum (Miller) Blake Asteraceae
Standard common name: pipisca
Other common name (s):

Potentilla candicans Humb. & Bonpl. Rosaceae
Standard common name: suelda con suelda, itamo real
Other common name (s): pata de león

Prosopis laevigata (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) M.C. Johnston Fabaceae
Standard common name: mezquite
Other common name (s):

Protium copal (Schlechtendal & Cham.) Engel. Burseraceae
Standard common name: copal
Other common name (s): copalillo

Prunus serotina Ehreb. ssp. capuli (Cav.) McVaugh Rosacea
Standard common name: capulín
Botanical synonym (s): Prunus capuli Cav.
Other common name (s): capuli

Psittacanthus calyculatus (DC.) G. Don Loranthaceae
Standard common name: injerto
Other common name (s): muérdago, secapalo

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn Pteridaceae
Standard common name: espique, helecho
Other common name (s): pesma grande, zarzaparrilla

Q

Quercus crassippes Humb. & Bonpl. Fagaceae
Standard common name: encino blanco
Other common name (s): encino de la panchingua

Quercus laurina Humb. & Bonpl. Fagaceae
Standard common name: capulincillo
Other common name (s): encino blanco, encino laurel

R

Randia echinocarpa Moc. & Sessé Rubiaceae
Standard common name: granjel
Other common name (s): cirián chino, crucillo

Rhizophora mangle L. Rhizophoraceae
Standard common name: mangle rojo
Other common name (s):

Ruta chalepensis L. Rutaceae
Standard common name: ruda
Botanical synonym (s) Ruta graveolens L. var. angustifolia Hook.
Other common name (s): lula

S



Salix bonplandiana Kunth. Salicaceae
Standard common name: sauce, sauce blanco
Other common name (s): huejote

Salix taxifolia Kunth. Salicaceae
Standard common name: taray
Botanical synonym (s): Salix microphylla Schlechtendal & Cham.
Other common name (s): romerillo, sauce chiquito, sauz

Salvia coccinea Juss. Lamiaceae
Standard common name: mirto rojo
Other common name (s): toronjil

Salvia elegans Vahl. Lamiaceae
Standard common name: mirto
Other common name (s): mirto rojo

Salvia leucantha Cav. Lamiaceae
Standard common name: cordón de cristo
Other common name (s): lana, salvia, moco de pavo

Salvia microphylla Kunth Lamiaceae
Standard common name: mirto
Other common name (s): mirto chico, mirto rosa

Salvia polystachya Ort. Lamiaceae
Standard common name: chía
Other common name (s):

Sambucus mexicana Presl. Caprifoliaceae
Standard common name: sauco
Botanical synonym (s): Sambucus bipinnata Schlechtendal & Cham.
Other common name (s): alcanfor, flor de sauco, sauce, sauzo

Sanvitalia procumbens Lam. Lamiaceae
Standard common name: ojo de gallo
Other common name (s):

Sapindus saponaria L. Sapindaceae
Standard common name: amole, pipe
Other common name (s): jaboncillo

Satureja macrostema Benth. Lamiaceae
Standard common name: té de monte
Other common name (s): tabaquillo grande


Sechium edule Swartz Cucurbitaceae
Standard common name: chayote
Other common name (s): chayote de espinas, erizo, espinoso, raíz de chayote

Sedum dendroideum Moc. & Sessé Crassulaceae
Standard common name: siempreviva
Other common name (s): siempreviva gruesa

Selaginella lepidophylla Spring Selaginellaceae
Standard common name: doradilla, flor de piedra
Other common name (s): flor de peña, siempreviva

Senna multiglandulosa (Jacq.) Irwin & Barneby Fabaceae
Standard common name: retama
Botanical synonym (s): Cassia tomentosa L.
Other common name (s): caña fistula, retama de China, tabachín

Simarouba glauca DC Simaroubaceae
Standard common name: aceituno
Other common name (s):

Simmondsia chinensis (Link.) Schneider Buxiaceae
Standard common name: jojoba
Other common name (s):

Simsia amplexicaule (Cav.)Pers. Asteraceae
Standard common name: acahual
Other common name (s):

Smilax moranensis Martens & Galeotti Smilacaceae
Standard common name: alambrillo
Other common name (s): itamo real, salsaparrila blanca

Smilax spinosa Miller Smilacaceae
Standard common name: zarzaparrilla
Botanical synonym (s). Smilax mexicana Griseb.
Other common name (s): cocolmeca

Solanum marginatum L. Solanaceae
Standard common name: sosa
Other common name (s): tomate de punzada, tomatillo

Solanum nigrescens Mart. & Galeotti Solanaceae
Standard common name: hierba mora
Other common name (s): mora


Solanum rostratum Dunal Solanaceae
Standard common name: duraznillo
Other common name (s): abrojo, colmillo de puerco, mata yegua

Sphaeralcea angustifolia (Cav.) Don. Malvaceae
Standard common name: hierba del negro
Other common name (s): vara de San José

Swietenia humilis Zucc. Meliaceae
Standard common name: caoba
Other common name (s): caobilla, flor de zopilote, zopilote

Swietenia macrophylla King Meliaceae
Standard common name: caoba
Other common name (s): zopilote

T

Tagetes filifolia Lag. Asteraceae
Standard common name: anís
Other common name (s): anís de campo, anisillo

Tagetes lunulata Ortega Asteraceae
Standard common name: cinco llagas
Other common name (s): cempazúchil cimarrón, flor de muerto silvestre

Tagetes micrantha (Cav.) DC. Asteraceae
Standard common name: anisillo
Other common name (s): anís de campo, anisito rojo, pericón

Talauma mexicana (DC) G. Don. Magnoliaceae
Standard common name: yoloxochitl
Botanical synonym (s): Magnolia mexicana C.
Other common name (s): flor del corazón, magnolia, yolosochil

Taxodium mucronatum Ten . Taxodiaceae
Standard common name: ahuehuete
Other common name (s): sabino

Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth Bignoniaceae
Standard common name: tronadora
Botanical synonym (s): Bignonia stans L.
Other common name (s): alacrancillo, retama, sauco amarillo, trompeta




Teloxys ambrosioides (L.) Weber Chenopodiaceae
Standard common name: epazote
Botanical synonym (s): Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
Other common name (s): epazote de comer, epazote verde, epazote morado

Teloxys graveolens (Willd.) Weber Chenopodiaceae
Standard common name: epazote de zorrillo
Botanical synonym (s): Chenopodium graveolens Willd.
Other common name (s): epazote de perro, epazote morado

Thevetia thevetioides (Kunth) Schum Apocynaceae
Standard common name: yoyote
Other common name (s): calaverita, hueso de fraile, codo de fraile, venenillo

Tilia mexicana Schlechtendal Tiliaceae
Standard common name: tila
Other common name (s): flor de tila

Tillandsia recurvata L. Bromeliaceae
Standard common name: heno, paxtle
Other common name (s): gallitos, paistle

Tithonia tubaeformis (Jacq.) Cass. Asteraceae
Standard common name: cabezona
Other common name (s): gigantón, mirasol

Turbina corymbosa (L.) Raf. Convolvulaceae
Standard common name: angelito, bejuco de San Pedro
Other common name (s): flor de pascua

U

Urtica chamaedryoides Pursh Urticaceae
Standard common name: chichicastle
Other common name (s): mala mujer, ortiguilla

V

Verbena carolina L. Verbenaceae
Standard common name: verbena, verbenilla
Botanical synonym (s): Verbena caroliniana Willd.
Other common name (s): nardo de campo, poleo negro

Verbesina crocata (Cav.) Less. Asteraceae
Standard common name: capitaneja
Other common name (s): arnica capitaneja, capitaneja anaranjada


Waltheria indica L. Sterculiaceae
Standard common name: tapacola
Botanical synonym (s): Waltheria americana L.
Other common name (s): escobillo blanco, hierba del ángel, malva de monte

Yucca elephantipes Regel Agavaceae
Standard common name:
Other common name (s):

Zizyphus amole (Sessé & Moc.) M.C. Rhamnaceae
Standard common name: gorongoro
Other common name (s): amol, amolillo, jabón, limoncillo

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* Solamente se inluyen aquellas especies no indicadas en el listado preliminar de la segunda edición de agosto de 1999 de Herbs of Commerce
** Listado obtenido de entrevistas con exportadores mexicanos de hierbas medicinales, de pláticas con propietarios de yerberias hispanas ubicadas EUA, de consulta de catálogos de hierbas y productos naturistas de empresas en EUA y Canadá, de búsquedas en internet, de consulta de bases de datos nacionales e internacionales y de revisión bibliográfica.